22nd May 1918 -Remembering Alexander Finnie

P07219.001 20 Alexander Finnie
20 Alexander Finnie

20 Alexander Finnie

Alexander Finnie was a 21 year old sheet metal worker and employed by the Randwick Tramway department. His proud parents living at Botany were Alexander James and Ida Jane (nee Bullock). Alexander also had an older sister who unfortunately died in 1911.
Alex served almost 3 years in the 1st Field Company Engineers and had a long stay at Gallipoli up to the 18th August. A near miss from a shell blast and gas poisoning meant that he was transferred to hospital in Alexandria, very sick and suffering from deafness. Like many others Alex was keen to recover and get back into the fray, and he did, but this time he would do it from the sky as a flying officer.
Alex had transferred to Flying school in England and graduated as a flying officer and was appointed 2nd Lieut. and posted to the Australian Flying Corp.

Now wearing his wings he proceeded overseas to France and reported for duty with the No 4 Squadron AFC, the last squadron to be formed during the first World War.
The 4th Squadron had arrived in France in December 1917 and established itself at Bruay France and operated in support of the British 1st Army, undertaking offensive patrols and escorting reconnaissance machines.

Sopwith Camels No 4 Squadron AFC -France 24 March 1918 - AWM-24-march-1918-awm
Sopwith Camels No 4 Squadron AFC -France 24 March 1918 – AWM

Towards the end of February 1918 the squadron was made up of 24 flying machines, considerably enhancing its capacity for offensive operations.
March 1918 saw an increase in the 4th squadron’s ground attacks and offensive patrols, including a notable engagement with elements of Manfred von Richthofen’s “Flying Circus” on 21 March, during which five enemy machines were downed in an attack led by Captain Arthur Henry Cobby , who would become the AFC’s number one flying ace .
No. 4 Squadron claimed more “kills” than any other AFC unit, 199 enemy aircraft destroyed and 33 enemy balloons were destroyed or driven down.

Capt_A_H_Cobby_DSO_DFC

Cpt Arthur Henry Cobby – DSO, DFC

In May of 1918 the Squadron had moved from Bruay to Clairmarais North and the 4th squadron was heavily involved in strafing and bombing operations in support of the retreating Allied ground forces.
On the 22nd May 1918 Lieut. Finnie was on his usual offensive and balloon patrol in his Sopwith Camel No. D1924. Enemy observation balloons were stationed thousands of feet in the air and tethered to the ground and fiercely protected by machine guns and anti-aircraft artillery known as “Archie”.
Even with incendiary bullets the gas in the balloons was hard to ignite and downing a balloon took a lot of shooting while running a gauntlet of ground-fire and keeping a sharp eye out for enemy scouts trying to protect the balloons.
On this day while diving and firing on enemy balloons Lieut. Alex Finnie collided with fellow flyer Lieut.G Nowland. They both spun to the ground five miles over enemy lines, their planes falling to pieces as they crashed to the ground at Neuf Berquin and both men were killed.
The following eye witness accounts describe the action that saw Alexander Finnie meet his end.
“ We were firing on enemy balloons. I was flying with him and saw him go down. He collided with another chap and they both fell from about 10,000 ft over the German lines. I should certainly say there was little hope of his being alive. I wrote to his people.”
Informant – F/Lieut R.C Nelson 4th Squadron A.F.C
“I knew Lieutenant Finnie in the Squadron. I saw him killed on the 22nd May 1918. The Squadron was then engaged in an offensive patrol near Estaires. I saw Lieutenant Finnie and Lieutenant Nowland attack a German captive balloon. Their machines collided and Lieutenant Finnie’s machine fell. “
Informant – Captain Roy King 4th Squadron A.F.C

Alex Finnie flight record

Alexander Finnie’s last flight record.

Alexander’s father was notified in 1921 that his son Alex Finnie was exhumed and later reburied in an Imperial War grave at Pont-du-Hem Military Cemetery (Plot II, Row F, Grave No. 19), La Gorque, France.

Pont-du-Hem Military Cemetery La Gorque France
Pont-du-Hem Military Cemetery La Gorque France

On this day we also remember and pay tribute to Alexander’s flying mate Lieut. George Nowland who also died in the tragic accident.

Alexander’s page is now available and will continue to be updated ……………………….

Read More – clink on this link

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Remembering 146 Edward Frings

Auctioned items UK

Photo courtesy – Andrew Smith & Son Auctioneers U.K

The photo above shows the few remaining memories of a great Anzac who left his home and family in London and came to Australia as a young man looking to pursue a new path in life.

Circumstances around the world prevented him following that path and Edward Franz Hubert Frings would enlist with the Australian Imperial Forces a few months after settling in Sydney.

The items included in the picture above include a WW1 Victory Medal awarded to Acting/Sgt. E. F. H. Frings, FCE AIF ,  a few coins including a Rupee, a Russian rouble, a Peruvian Sol ,  a tortoiseshell stamp box, an ivory bangle, spectacles in a papier mache case and a miniature silver front prayer book.

This small collection of personal treasures were auctioned in the U.K in 2003 and hopefully found a new home where the memories of the original owner Edward Frings can be honoured.

On this day, 26th March 1918, Edward Frings was killed in action in Belgium, he was 24 years old. 

More to read about Edward …….CLICK HERE.

Edward is Honoured on the commemorative wall at The Australian War Memorial in Canberra. His name will be projected onto the exterior of the Hall of Memory on the following dates ….

Mon 09 April 2018 at 9:45pm
Fri 25 May 2018 at 4:55am
Fri 06 July 2018 at 6:01am
Sun 19 August 2018 at 10:39pm
Tue 09 October 2018 at 10:56pm

AWM_canberra_1

The Men on the Cross – “Where Heroes Lie”

The Men on the Cross – “Where Heroes Lie”

J02598

A similar picture of this cross, now a well known Anzac image was originally on the front page of the Sydney Mail and was published on December 1st 1915….. below

where heroes lie

The following story accompanied the photo…

“Where Heroes Lie
This cross, fittingly decorated with a wreath of victory , marks the resting-place of 14 gallant Australians. They were all members of the First Field Company of Engineers, which was the only Sydney unit with the first party that landed near Gaba Tepe on the historic morning of April 25th. The Engineers did admirable work on that fateful day, and ever since have carried out their dangerous and difficult duties in a manner which has elicited warm commendation from the General staff.”

The men whose names are cut on the cross are:

 

According to an article on 7th October 1916 in The Globe and Sunday Times War Pictorial this cross was erected and the names cut on it by Sapper 149 Charles Akins, an original member who also made the wreath and left it on the cross before he left Gallipoli.
It also mentions ……………………………
Relatives of these soldiers may secure a copy of the photo by communicating with Mrs. Akins, of 30 Burton-street, Darlinghurst, East Sydney”.  

Not all the men named on the cross were actually buried here and as each of their stories unfold it also explains their final day at Gallipoli.
The cross was later considered a memorial cross and this famous Gallipoli image of the cross was later replaced by a new cross and amended to read… “ Unknown Australian Soldier”.

Sources: – NLA, AWM, NAA, 

Cleveland Page photo – Courtesy Catherine Job , Page family collection.